System Package Managers
System package managers are like an App store for programmers. They install software on a computer along with the software's dependencies. Below are some system package managers and their operating systems:
- Homebrew (OS X) - Common in developer circles. Lacks ability to lock to a version.
- Macports (OS X) - Older than Brew. Allows locking a package to a version.
- Fink (OS X) - Older than Brew. Allows locking a package to a version.
- Yum (Linux) - Used on servers based off of the Red Hat Linux distribution
- Apt (Linux) - Used on servers and desktop machines based off of the Debian Linux distribution, Such as Ubuntu.
Language Package Managers
Language package managers install libraries, frameworks, and programs for a specific programming language. Language package managers are limited in that they cannot install system dependencies, which is why when you install a database library you must install the database program to your system independently.
Below is a list of language package managers and their language: